As we go through life in our modern world, many of us choose insurance to protect us from a range of common loss scenarios. Vehicle insurance protects us against claims for damage in the event of an accident, home and contents insurance assists us to replace stolen or damaged items, and income protection insurance assists if we are unable to work for extended periods of time.
These insurances provide us with the security that, if we have an unfortunate accident or occurrence, our insurer will hopefully recompense us for some or all of our losses. We also need to consider what will happen to us if we are sick or injured and incur both hospital and medical expenses.
In Australia we have access to both universal health insurance and private health insurance. Most of us have one or the other, and many of us have both. Since 1984, Medicare has been the foundation of our health care system and is available to Australian and New Zealand citizens, permanent residents, and people from countries with reciprocal agreements.
The three major parts to Medicare are medical services, hospitals and medicines. It covers the cost of public hospital services should you need them, and some or all the costs of other services such as visits to GPs and other medical specialists. It also covers prescription medicines, which are available to Medicare recipients at much reduced prices under the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme.
Medicare is partly funded by a 2% levy on taxpayers (with exceptions for low-income earners) and further funding by the federal government from general revenue. People can also choose to take out additional private health insurance, which gives them access to private hospital services and a range of ancillary services not covered by Medicare.
As a result, Australians enjoy some of the best medical services in the world. The introduction of this scheme gave many Australians access to services they previously could not afford, and as a result, we now recognise the importance of health insurance as part of a modern and fair society.
Insurance is also an important consideration for trustees of SMSFs (self-managed superannuation funds. Once the SMSF has been established with the ATO (Australian Taxation Office), the trustees must by law finalise an investment strategy with a financial advisor. This includes consideration of the insurance needs of the members. Finalising an investment strategy is not the same process as engaging a company such as SMSF Assure to undertake all the administration and reporting requirements of the SMSF.
The ATO advises that an SMSF can provide insurance for members for an event that is consistent with several conditions of release of the member’s superannuation. These are death, a terminal medical condition, permanent incapacity and temporary incapacity. SMSFs generally cannot provide trauma insurance for their members. These events are not the same as universal or private health insurance but may be equally as important to the SMSF fund members.